The book offers a multidisciplinary reading of the complex relationship between food and society, in a system characterized by rules, economic and social and political constraints. The essays discuss the concept of food, the symbols and the identity value associated with it in different historical moments and in different cultural contexts. The issue of the right to food is addressed, looking at international experiences that spread models whose effects vary the way food is produced and consumed. The distance between places of production and places of consumption of food, makes fundamental the role of the law in the function of regulation and information exercised to protect the consumer. The social economy proposes the use of negotiating instruments to protect disadvantaged conditions and develop a market oriented towards environmental sustainability. The Italian food system is examined, highlighting the new challenges and the excellence that distinguish it. The historical essays show the effects of economic development on consumption, distribution processes and cinema’ representations of food. The role of political and economic conditions in reducing social hardship, including food shortages, is also discussed. The essays’ heterogeneity in the use of social science analysis tools is a further richness of the volume’s content.