Since the nineties, the lactation and perception of the newborn through the skin, the observation of the placenta and the cutting of the umbilical cord, have been encouraged as forms of enhancement of the infant’s body. Nowadays, it is thought that the comparison with the body of the dead child can be also identified as an essential moment of the painful elaboration of mourning. Similarly, the knowledge of biological parents is seen as a fundamental identity experience for adopted children or conceived through sperm donation, and in organ transplantation the condition of the donor’s body affect the possibility of rejection. The body the flesh thus becomes a fundamental support for the construction of identity. This volume focuses on mechanisms of cultural and ideological changes that have occurred in the processes of beginning and end of life and in the consequent management of the body.