Vers un nouveau Moyen-Orient? États arabes en crise entre logiques de division et sociétés civiles

Vers un nouveau Moyen-Orient? États arabes en crise entre logiques de division et sociétés civiles
Editor: RomaTrE-Press
Publication date: july 2016
Pages: 310
ISBN: 978-88-97524-70-0
n° downloads ad oggi: 4

Abstract

The Arab Spring has led to the weakening of the States, unable to accept on a civic basis the claims coming from either young revolutionary activists or Salafi movements. This book compares how the authority and legitimacy of the State is questioned in five different Arab countries (Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Yemen) spanning over a longer period.

This comparison begins at the time of the creation of the State on the model of the modern European nation-state in the early twentieth century (in certain cases even before), examining regional, religious and/or tribal empowerment processes, ongoing during the last century of the Ottoman Empire. In this perspective, one may also explain the often authoritarian nature of the successive regimes of the Arab States that emerged from the colonial rule and that have not succeeded in creating a shared citizenship.

To understand the post-Arab Spring crises the book brings together specialists (historians, political scientists and sociologists) of the contemporary Arab world.

The book analyses a series of crucial questions as the «crisis of the State» counterbalanced by a «demand for State», the existence of the «nation» as the legal basis of the State, the development of civil societies in the context of fractioned and segmentarized societies (tribal and/or religious), the colonial origin of the States as explanatory elements of current crises.

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