The close correlation between the lack of productivity of a country-system and the low level of digitization and innovation of the same is a well-known fact. Just as it is that Italy has accordingly accumulated significant delay over time. It is no coincidence, moreover, that for years has the European Commission placed Italy among the «moderate innovators». Our levels of Research and Development (R&D) spending are too low compared to the European average and this applies to both public and private investments. To make up to this Italian deficit and promote investments in technologies, infrastructures and digital processes, the effort of digitization and innovation permeates the entire National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP). In the various essays that make up the volume (divided into three sections: «Digital skills, education and scientific research», «Digital infrastructures» and «The digitization of administrative activity»), the Authors outline the general trend lines of the ongoing process of the so-called digital transition. To this end, the reconstruction of the ‘Digital State’ appears essential, starting from the very interventions provided for in the NRRP and from the first implementation of these. ‘Digital State’ which – it should be remembered – must be understood in a double meaning: as a State that regulates the digitization processes taking place within the production system and as a self-digitalizing State.