La sicurezza urbana alla luce del modello cooperativo delle inter-governmental relations. Luci ed ombre di un assetto flessibile di competenze
The article analyses the urban security from the point of view of the multi-level territorial system based on the integration and the cooperation among the different government tiers.
The analysis is divided in two parts: the first dealing with the separation of the legislative powers between State and regions; the second one regarding the relations between State and local government bodies in the implementation of the administrative functions.
In both cases, it is clear the extension of the legal conception of security.
Security does not mean only prevention and repression of crime, as in the past. Nowadays, indeed, it means also social promotion of legality and coping with urban decay. Therefore, security take on a new territorial dimension: it involves not only the classical police functions, traditionally reserved to the State, but also policies belonging to regions and the municipalities.
The results are an overlap among national, regional and local interests regarding the same subject and a further overlap in the constitutional powers of the government tiers are remarkable. The following need of a preventive coordination, in order to avoid conflicts and disputes, is evident.
Both the expansion of the legal meaning of security and the flexibilisation of the constitutional competences are two aspects of the broader phenomenon of the liquid society, which might determine serious risks for the rigidity of the Constitution and the equal guarantee of the fundamental rights.
The idea of introducing a “right of defense” that takes the place of self-defense, as proposed by the law distorts the meaning of the cause of justification that has always been subordinated to precise requisites: first of all the need to defend oneself in the absence of which one would no longer speak of defense but of gratuitous and deliberate offense.
Città globali: Zygmunt Bauman e il destino delle metropoli contemporanee
The topic of cities is not new in the reflections of Zygmunt Bauman. The focus on the metropolis and its continuous transformations is central in many of his writings. If it is true that cities have always been considered places of rapid and increasing change, it is also true that the transformations that urban life has undergone in recent decades have no precedents in the course of history. Having taken this into consideration, the Polish sociologist highlights the complex mechanisms that make our cities and its inhabitants increasingly closed, inhospitable and unable to trust others.
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